Этот выпуск посвящён вкусовым стимуляторам и их возможностям, что сейчас начали активно исследовать учёные. Сладкое, горечь, острое и ментол: могут ли эти вкусы иметь эргогенический эффект — то есть такой эффект, который может изменить вашу работоспособность?
В этом выпуске вы узнаете:
— Что такое вкус?
— Какие бывают вкусы?
— Что такое эргогенность и почему её исследуют?
— Какие причины потери обоняния?
— В каких частях тела есть вкусовые рецепторы?
— Что такое вкусовые стимуляторы?
— Может ли сладкое и углеводы повысить работоспособность?
— Повышают ли подсластители уровень сахара в крови?
— Какие есть исследования в области вкусовых стимуляторов?
— Может ли горечь быть стимулятором?
— Зачем люди пьют хинин?
— Может ли перец чили стимулировать?
— А может ли это делать ментол?
- Can taste be ergogenic? 2020
- An evolutionary perspective on food review and human taste
- Genetics of taste receptors
- Genetics of taste and smell: poisons and pleasures
- The pharmacology of bitter taste receptors and their role in human airways
- Taste receptors in the upper airway
- On the psychological impact of food colour
- Variation in thermally induced taste response across thermal tasters
- Just how much of what we taste derives from the sense of smell?
- Flavor is in the brain
- Perception of specific trigeminal chemosensory agonists
- Menthol: a fresh ergogenic aid for athletic performance
- Intermittent sprint performance in the heat is not altered by augmenting thermal perception via l-menthol or capsaicin mouth rinses
- Acute capsaicin supplementation improves resistance training performance in trained men
- The governor has a sweet tooth – mouth sensing of nutrients to enhance sports performance
- Are caffeine’s performance-enhancing effects partially driven by its bitter taste?
- Carbohydrate mouth rinse effects on exercise capacity in pre- and postprandial states
- Carbohydrate sensing in the human mouth: effects on exercise performance and brain activity
- The effects of menthol on exercise performance and thermal sensation: a meta-analysis
- New insights into enhancing maximal exercise performance through the use of a bitter tastant
- Autonomic nervous system responses associated with primary tastes
- Autonomic nervous system responses to sweet taste: evidence for habituation rather than pleasure
- The bitter truth is sweeter than we thought
- What Is Anosmia?
- Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world
- Анатомия вкуса: перевод статьи "The Anatomy of Flavor"
- Science Photo Library
- Scoopnest Anatomy
- Effects of TRP channel agonist ingestion on metabolism and autonomic nervous system in a randomized clinical trial of healthy subjects
- Role of cold receptors and menthol in thirst, the drive to breathe and arousal
- Cold pleasure. Why we like ice drinks, ice-lollies and ice cream
- Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
- The effects of swilling an l (-)-menthol solution during exercise in the heat
- Running performance and thermal sensation in the heat are improved with menthol mouth rinse but not ice slurry ingestion
- Consensus statement on placebo effects in sports and exercise: the need for conceptual clarity, methodological rigour, and the elucidation of neurobiological mechanisms
- The development of a menthol solution for use during sport and exercise
- Systematic review: carbohydrate supplementation on exercise performance or capacity of varying durations
- Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on glucose kinetics and muscle metabolism during intense endurance exercise
- The effect of glucose infusion on glucose kinetics during a 1-h time trial
- Effect of mouth-rinsing carbohydrate solutions on endurance performance
- Oral carbohydrate sensing and exercise performance
- Can carbohydrate mouth rinse improve performance during exercise? a systematic review
- Effects of carbohydrate mouth rinse on cycling time trial performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis
- Neural systems controlling food intake and energy balance in the modern world
- Metabolic sensing in brain dopamine systems, pp 69-86
- The central governor model of exercise regulation applied to the marathon
- Perception of effort during exercise is independent of afferent feedback from skeletal muscles, heart, and lungs
- Sucrose activates human taste pathways differently from artificial sweetener
- Neural correlates of tasting concentrated quinine and sugar solutions
- Mouth rinsing and ingesting a bitter solution improves sprint cycling performance
- Mouth rinsing with a bitter solution without ingestion does not improve sprint cycling performance
- Gustatory expression pattern of the human TAS2R bitter receptor gene family reveals a heterogenous population of bitter responsive taste receptor cells
- Mouth rinsing and ingestion of a bitter-tasting solution increases corticomo- tor excitability in male competitive cyclists
- The Taste of Caffeine, 2017
- The molecular receptive ranges of human TAS2R bitter taste receptors
- Wake up and smell the coffee: caffeine supplementation and exercise performance
- Effects of caffeine and carbohydrate mouth rinses on repeated sprint performance
- The effect of a caffeinated mouth-rinse on endurance cycling time-trial performance
- Carbohydrate and caffeine mouth rinses do not affect maximum strength and muscular endurance performance
- Influence of a caffeine mouth rinse on sprint cycling following glycogen depletion
- Caffeine and 3-km cycling performance: effects of mouth rinsing, genotype, and time of day
- Effect of carbohydrate, caffeine, and carbohydrate + caffeine mouth rinsing on intermittent running performance in collegiate male lacrosse athletes
- The effect of caffeine mouth rinse on self-paced cycling performance
- Cognitive performance enhancement induced by caffeine, carbohydrate and guarana mouth rinsing during submaximal exercise
- A caffeine-maltodextrin mouth rinse counters mental fatigue
- Macneish RS (1964) Ancient Mesoamerican civilization
- Capsaicin: current understanding of its mechanisms and therapy of pain and other pre-clinical and clinical uses
- The salty and burning taste of capsaicin
- The capsaicin receptor: a heat-activated ion channel in the pain pathway
- Effect of capsaicin supplementation on repeated sprinting performance
- Acute capsaicin supplementation improves 1,500-m running time-trial performance and rate of perceived exertion in physically active adults
- Capsaicin supplementation increases time to exhaustion in high-intensity intermittent exercise without modifying metabolic responses in physically active men
- Characterization of functional TRPV1 channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of mouse skeletal muscle
- Does capsaicin affect physiologic and thermal responses of males during immersion in 22 degrees C?
- Capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analog, increases endurance swimming capacity of mice by stimulation of vanilloid receptors
- Autonomic nervous activity and lipid oxidation postexercise with capsaicin in the humans
- Dietary red pepper ingestion increases carbohydrate oxidation at rest and during exercise in runners
- Dose-dependent effect of capsaicin on endurance capacity in rats
- Increase in swimming endurance capacity of mice by capsaicin- induced adrenal catecholamine secretion
- Swimming capacity of mice is increased by oral administration of a nonpungent capsaicin analog, stearoyl vanillylamide
- TRP channel functions in the gastrointestinal tract. Semin Immunopathol
- Visceral and somatic sensory function in functional dyspepsia
- TRPV1 activation and induction of nociceptive response by a non-pungent capsaicin-like compound, capsiate
- Menthol: a refreshing look at this ancient compound
- New compounds with the menthol cooling effect
- Topical and ingested cooling methodologies for endurance exercise performance in the heat
- Thresholds for odor and nasal pungency
- Chemosensory properties of the trigeminal system
- Same same but different. different trigeminal chemoreceptors share the same central pathway
- Age-related effects on the threshold, psychophysical function, and pleasantness of menthol
- How trigeminal, taste and aroma perceptions are affected in mint-flavored carbonated beverages
- Physical and perceptual cooling with beverages to increase cycle performance in a tropical climate
- Precooling does not enhance the effect on performance of midcooling with ice-slush/menthol
- Ingestion of a cold temperature/menthol beverage increases outdoor exercise performance in a hot, humid environment
- Siegel R, Laursen PB (2012) Keeping your cool
- Experimental provocation of “ice-cream headache” by ice cubes and ice water
- L-Menthol mouth rinse or ice slurry ingestion during the latter stages of exercise in the heat provide a novel stimulus to enhance performance despite elevation in mean body temperature
Читайте перевод научного исследования от СМТ, на основе которого был создан выпуск.